Kolkata is also the biggest city of the state and a major commercial and education hub. 1. KOLKATA: Kolkata’s Kalighat temple may soon get a golden crown and join the league of other famous temples located across India known to have spectacular gold crowns. The city’s former name, Calcutta, is an Anglicized version of the Bengali name Kalikata. The city offers a range of educational institutions and universities for students at various levels. On a dry day, liquor shops remain closed. Kolkata Metropolitan Area, also known as Greater Kolkata, is the urban agglomeration of the city of Kolkata in the Indian state of West Bengal.It is the third most populous metropolitan area in India after Delhi and Mumbai.The area is administered by the Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA). During Durga Puja, the city becomes a city of a huge crowd who join for celebrating Durga Puja. The average annual rainfall is about 64 inches (1,625 mm). The city is located near the Bay of Bengal in the north east of the country on the left banks of the Hooghly River, a major distributary of the Ganges. 6. The languages spoken in the city of Kolkata are Bengali language , which is also known as Bangla and Hindi , which is the national Indian language. During Durga Puja, the city becomes a city of a huge crowd who join for celebrating Durga Puja. But the British called it Calcutta. You may like to read this post to know about some of the best places to live in Kolkata. Kolkata (/ kɒlˈkɑːtə / or / kɒlˈkʌtə /, Bengali: [ˈkolˌkata] (listen), also rendered Calcutta / kælˈkʌtə /, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. Also known as the City of Palaces, Kolkata was formerly known as Calcutta which is an Anglicized name of Kalikata. Last year it has been estimated that Kolkata had a population of around 4.6 million, which makes it the 7th most populous city in India. Kolkata, which is often called the city of joy is one great destination which is rich in many monuments which reflects the beauty of the glorious past. Pop. Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. People from other states wouldn’t even find it difficult to communicate because there are many non-Bengali habitats living in many parts of the city. Kolkata served as the British capital till 1912, before it was shifted to Delhi. The places surrounding Kolkata are so versatile that you will be surprised that you did not know many of their names. Kolkata was the capital of the British Indian empire until 1911 when the capital was relocated to Delhi. Most of this falls from June to September, the period of the monsoon. Kolkata, also known as “The City of Joy” is the capital of the state of West Bengal in India. Area city, 40 square miles (104 square km); urban agglom., 533 square miles (1,380 square km). It is a city made by the British Empire; it was the capital of British India from 1773 to 1911. Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Also known as the ‘Cultural Capital of India’, Kolkata preserves the remnants of British Raj in its Victorian-style architecture, trams and cuisine. Kolkata is often described as the cultural capital of India. Kolkata City Information. Apart from these English is also commonly understood and spoken by all educated people in this township. Two planned townships in the greater Kolkata region are Bidhannagar, also known as Salt Lake City and located north-east of the city and Rajarhat, also … And currently as per the area it covers, Kolkata is said to be the second largest city after New Delhi, beating Mumbai and Bangaluru. The city was renamed, Kolkata in 2001. Kolkata-the city of joy 1. This time becomes one of the best times to visit Kolkata. Updates? View all posts by Elina, Compare and Hire Leading Service Providers near you for, How to Decide If You Should Move to another State or City, How to Prepare Financially for Relocating to Other City, How to Deal With Emotional Stress of Moving House to a New City, Interior Design Cost in Kolkata 2/3 BHK Flat with Wood Work,…, Delhi: 20 amazing and interesting facts about Delhi, Curtains for Home: Here’s how to choose right curtains. It is one of India’s largest cities and one of its major ports. Along with the main port of communication for North east India ,it is the primary business, commercial and financial hub of Eastern India. Mumbai isn’t just the wealthiest city in the country, but among the wealthiest globally. Again it’s the third largest Urban economy of India. Fashioned by the colonial British in the manner of a grand European capital—yet now set in one of the poorest and most overpopulated regions of India—Kolkata has grown into a city of sharp contrasts and contradictions. Similar topography on the west bank of the river has confined the metropolitan area largely to a strip 3 to 5 miles (5 to 8 km) wide on either bank of the river. Factories, motor vehicles, and thermal-generating stations, which burn coal, are primary causes of this pollution, but monsoon winds act as cleansing agents by bringing in fresh air masses and also hastening the removal of water pollution. But other than Kolkata’s economical qualities, scenic beauty, and other attractions, it is necessary for one to know the other basic and important facts about the city. The Salt lake City (Bidhan Nagar) area to the northeast of the city is a planned section of Kolkata. Kolkata Source Kolkata is called the City of Palaces, and also the City of Joy. Kolkata is also known as the "City of Palaces", there is the privately owned Marble Palace, a nineteenth-century Neoclassical mansion housing artwork, the Victoria Memorial, the British built memorial to Queen Victoria is made of white Makrana marble from Rajasthan. Omissions? Mohun Bagan club was also associated with India's freedom struggle. Earlier known as Calcutta, the city was founded in 1698 and served as the capital of British India till 1911 and then was shifted to Delhi. The metropolitan city of Kolkata is not just well-known for its roshogollas, mishit dohi, trams, Howrah Bridge and Victoria memorial, but also for its inexpensive nature. Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, is the capital of West Bengal, a large state in the eastern part of India. Kolkata has had to assimilate strong European influences and overcome the limitations of its colonial legacy in order to find its own unique identity. Since the Kolkata metropolitan area incorporates parts of districts like North 24 Parganas, South 24 Parganas, Howrah, Hooghly, and Nadia, there are two more municipal corporations as well other than KMC. Introduction KolkataKolkata,, formerly known asformerly known as CalcuttaCalcutta, is the capital of the, is the capital of the IndianIndian state ofstate of West BengalWest Bengal.. KOLKATA The City Of Joy 2. Situated on the eastern banks of river Hooghly, Kolkata is East India's most important commercial, cultural, and educational centre with a rich history that dates back several centuries. This Kolkata Event Will Live From 25th To 26th December 2020. Street Food. Overall education system in Kolkata is at par when compared with the other metro cities. Victoria Memorial Hall in Kolkata (Calcutta), India. Kolkata has an Indian Premier League franchise known as the Kolkata Knight Riders; the Cricket Association of Bengal, which regulates cricket in West Bengal, is also based in the city. Kolkata has been immortalised time and again in Hollywood and Bollywood movies as there are world famous attractions like the Howrah Bridge and the famous tram service that plies in the city. When compared to the other metro cities, Kolkata is said to be the most economical city. About Kolkata The capital of West Bengal, Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta, is one of the important metropolitan cities in India. Rajarhat, also called New Town, is the newest township being developed on the north-eastern fringes of Kolkata city. The area is administered by the Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA). Literacy rate in Kolkata is 87.14%, which is far better than national average of 74%. Cultural activities dominate the city, so industries promoting art and culture also prevail here. The 7 th most populous city in India is Kolkata, under 2011 Indian Cencus. 3. After the Frankfurt Book Fair and the London Book Fair,Kolkata Book fair is recognized as the world’s largest conglomeration of books and Asia’s largest book fair. Kolkata has a nickname, the "City of Palaces". Street food and bustling city’s just go hand in hand and Kolkata is no less a bustling city … Maybe this is the reason it is called as the city of joy. It is famous for its Rajbaris. Kolkata is India’s second largest city and is among one of the four metropolitan cities of India. The city was a colonial city developed by the British East India Company and then by the British Empire. : [ Open] 2. The name of that village and present day Kolkata are derived from the Bengali word kilkila, which means flat area. This city is famous for its grand colonial architecture, art galleries, food, music and cultural festivals. Kolkata is the capital of West Bengal state so there are many government buildings and Kolkata is also one business center of this part of India. 24th August, to be precise. First of All Open Given Link using Google Pay App. The Birla Planetarium in Kolkatais the largest planetarium in Asia, and the second largest in the world. This city is also known as the city of joy. Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta turned 330-years-old this week. Kolkata Metropolitan Area, also known as Greater Kolkata, is the urban agglomeration of the city of Kolkata in the Indian state of West Bengal. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? It has kept intact its unique identity over decades. It is the state capital of West Bengal.

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